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Social Disparities and Health

A pressing policy problem in the United States and other countries is the extraordinary pattern of inequality in the health of children and adults. These health disparities are widespread and not easily explained. Faculty in IPR’s Cells to Society (C2S): The Center on Social Disparities and Health are forging new paths to create better understanding of, and improvement in, human health and social outcomes. They recognize that such an effort requires complex modeling of the interplay between biological processes and environmental influences. To this end, they coalesce around the Center’s mission to:

  • bring together the social, life, and biomedical sciences to understand the origins, consequences, and policy solutions for contemporary health inequalities in the United States; and 
  • examine how broad social, race/ethnic, and economic disparities "get under the skin" and affect human development and physical health.

A Message from Thomas McDade, Program Chair and C2S Director

Thomas McDade headshot
The Center on Social Disparities and Health continues to expand its scope of activities to understand how social, economic, and cultural contexts affect physical and mental health, as well as cognitive achievement, at the population level. Faculty research overlaps with other IPR program areas including Child, Adolescent, and Family Studies; Policy, Race, and Inequality; and Education Policy.

Working Papers

Recently published articles and working papers in this program area include:

Thomas McDade, Amelia Sancilio, Richard D’Aquila, Brian Mustanski, Lauren Vaught, Nina Reiser, Matthew Velez, Ryan Hsieh, Daniel Ryan, Rana Saber, Elizabeth McNally, and Alexis Demonbreun . 2021. Low Levels of Protective Humoral Immunity Following Mild or Asymptomatic Infection With SARS-Cov-2 in a Community-Based Serological Study (WP-21-21).

Joshua Schrock, Daniel Ryan, Rana Saber, Nanette Benbow, Lauren Vaught, Nina Reiser, Matthew Velez, Ryan Hsieh, Michael Newcomb, Alexis Demonbreun, Brian Mustanski, Elizabeth McNally, Richard D’Aquila, and Thomas McDade. 2021. Exposure to SARS-Cov-2 Within the Household Is Associated with Greater Symptom Severity and Stronger Antibody Responses in a Community-Based Sample of Seropositive Adults (WP-21-20).

B. Mustanski, R. Saber, D. T. Ryan, N. Benbow, K. Madkins, C. Hayford, M. E. Newcomb, J. M. Schrock, L. A. Vaught, N. L. Reiser, M. P. Velez, R. Hsieh, A. R. Demonbreun, R. D’Aquila, E. M. McNally, and T. W. McDade. 2021. Geographic Disparities in COVID-19 Case Rates Are Not Reflected in Seropositivity Rates Using a Neighborhood Survey in Chicago (WP-21-18).

All Papers

Faculty Experts

Faculty come from the fields of anthropology, sociology, psychology, biomedical sciences, pediatrics, and preventive medicine, in addition to other social science and medical fields.

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Policy Brief: The Impact of Violent Crime on Sleep and Stress

Researchers, including IPR psychobiologist Emma Adam, studied sleep and the stress hormone cortisol in adolescents exposed to violent crimes in their communities. They found that adolescents’ sleep and cortisol patterns were disrupted the night and day following nearby violence, and that more violent crimes led to more serious disruptions. Disruption of both sleep and cortisol have been linked to poorer academic performance.

Download the brief