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The Family Origin of the Math Gender Gap is a White Affluent Phenomenon (WP-21-01)

Gaia Dossi, David Figlio, Paola Giuliano, and Paola Sapienza

Previous research has shown that norms around the role of women in society could help explain the gender gap in mathematics, and that these norms could be transmitted within the family. Using data from the Florida Department of Education combined with birth certificates, the researchers uncover important heterogeneity in the transmission of gender biases within the family. They find that gender role norms can explain the lower performance of girls in mathematics only in relatively affluent White families, whereas they do not apparently matter for the performance of Black girls.

Gaia Dossi, PhD Candidate, Economics, London School of Economics

David Figlio, Orrington Lunt Professor of Education and Social Policy and IPR Fellow

Paola Giuliano, Professor of Economics, University of California, Los Angeles

Paola Sapienza, Donald C. Clark/HSBC Chair in Consumer Finance, Northwestern University

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