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Study: Visualizing Success Can Ease Student Anxiety

For college students, visualizing success can boost confidence and manage stress

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Visualizing a successful future can help anxious college students manage challenges and stress, according to a Northwestern University-led study published in the journal Motivation and Emotion.

The effect was particularly strong for female students from low socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds, said study lead author and IPR social psychologist Mesmin Destin.

“The way we frame our mindset going into an interaction can ease anxiety and help students gain confidence in non-verbal interactions,” Destin said.

Mesmin Destin

For many young people, college presents great opportunities but also marks the first time they are away from their family and support network. Students from lower SES backgrounds often face unique financial and psychological challenges compared to others, and this can lead them to avoid or withdraw from uncomfortable situations, such as interactions with faculty or difficult tests and exams.

Destin and his colleagues explored the idea of “identity-based motivation,” or the theory that people can draw from images of their own possible future as a source of motivation, particularly during times of adversity.

In two experiments—the first involving 93 female students and the second using 185 students, including 101 females—the researchers asked participants to write about their past or about their future success. They later filmed a mock interview with a so-called professor to assess body language, and then gave study volunteers a difficult academic test to measure effort.

The results were consistent with the theory of identity-based motivation. Destin and his team found that women from lower SES backgrounds showed greater motivation if they thought and wrote about their future as a successful college graduate before the academic challenge. They showed more confident body language. And they put more effort into tackling the test which had an indirect effect on their performance.

“Activating imagined successful future identities appears to provide a potential pathway to enable vulnerable students to effectively navigate everyday stressors,” Destin said. He emphasized that the study suggests faculty should think about ways to meaningfully engage with students about their goals as a way to help support their motivation. 

Mesmin Destin is associate professor of human development and social policy at Northwestern’s School of Education and Social Policy and an IPR fellow.

Story originally published by the School of Education and Social Policy.

Published: February 19, 2018.