November 2016

'Alienated, Aggrieved, and Profoundly Distrustful'

The writing was on the wall as early as 2014 for why working-class whites might throw their support behind Donald Trump, the Republican candidate and now president-elect, according to Johns Hopkins sociologist Andrew Cherlin, who characterized these voters as "alienated, aggrieved, and profoundly distrustful." Cherlin delivered IPR's Fall 2016 Distinguished Public Policy Lecture on October 26. MORE

Research and Working Papers

Faculty Spotlight: Onnie Rogers

For IPR developmental psychologist Onnie Rogers, feeling like an exception sparked questions about identity and self-perception. These questions have informed her research, which focuses on how cultural norms, expectations, and stereotypes affect how youth see themselves, particularly in terms of schooling and education. MORE

Policy Implications of the 2016 Election

"In many ways it was an extraordinary campaign and election," said IPR political scientist James Druckman in introducing IPR's 2016 post-election panel on November 14. "At the same time, the election was not as unusual as many people think." With presentations on bipartisanship, the Supreme Court, healthcare, and immigration, the four expert panelists dove deep into the policy implications of the 2016 election—while underscoring the future's unknowns. MORE

The Party and Policy Legacies of President Obama

In The Washington Post, IPR political scientist Daniel Galvin draws on his book, Presidential Party Building: Dwight D. Eisenhower to George W. Bush (Princeton University Press, 2010), to examine President Obama's party-building legacy. He argues that Obama worked hard to build a policy legacy but did not devote enough attention to building his party—leaving his policy accomplishments vulnerable as a result. MORE

Scholars Seek to Understand Corruption

From bribing an official to issue a birth certificate to political graft, corruption in government affects societies across the globe. Given its ubiquity and many forms, can it be curbed, and if so, how? An interdisciplinary group of scholars, co-organized by IPR sociologist Monica Prasad and Northwestern University political scientist Jordan Gans-Morse, met to discuss a forthcoming report and share their research and insights. MORE

Finnish Educators Call FUSE an 'Inspiration'

Schools in Finland are adopting the FUSE Studio program because it promotes "well-learning" and reflects the goals of the country's new core curriculum, Finnish educators said during a recent panel discussion at Northwestern University's School of Education and Social Policy. Professor of learning sciences and IPR associate Reed Stevens directs FUSE. MORE

IPR Working Papers

Do Grandparents and Great-Grandparents Matter? Multigenerational Mobility in the U.S., 1910-2013 (WP-16-15)

Joseph Ferrie, Catherine Massey, and Jonathan Rothbaum

Studies of U.S. intergenerational mobility focus almost exclusively on the transmission of (dis)advantage from parents to children. Until very recently, the influence of earlier generations could not be assessed even in long-running longitudinal studies such as the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). The researchers directly link family lines across data spanning 1910 to 2013 and find a substantial "grandparent effect" for cohorts born since 1920, as well as some evidence of a "great-grandparent effect." Although these might be due to measurement error, they conclude that estimates from only two generations of data understate persistence by about 20 percent.

Motivated Responses to Political Communications: Framing, Party Cues, and Science Information (WP-16-14)

James Druckman, Thomas Leeper, and Rune Slothuus

Among numerous foundational contributions, the work of renowned political scientist Milton Lodge is notable for its artful adaptation of theories of psychological processing to political contexts. Lodge recognized the uniqueness of politics as a context for information processing, exploring situations which are defined, in part, by a) low information and thus situations where information acquisition occurs, b) contested informational claims, and c) over-time dynamics. This is true of his work on schemas, online processing, and motivated reasoning. The researchers focus on the last of these by studying applications of motivated thinking in three domains: competitive framing, partisan competition, and science opinion formation. They reveal how informative Lodge's work in these areas has been and elaborate his findings to highlight the conditionality of political motivated reasoning in each domain.

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Infographic: Children Living with Uninsured Family Members

Using data from over 65,000 respondents to the National Health Interview Survey, IPR sociologist Christine Percheski examines how health insurance coverage differs by family structure. She finds that children living with unmarried, cohabiting parents are more likely to have an uninsured family member than those living with married parents or a single mother. This is in part because health insurance eligibility rules are often based on "traditional" family structures. MORE

Panel to Enhance Online Survey Platform TESS

Since 2002, the National Science Foundation-funded project, Time-sharing Experiments for the Social Sciences (TESS) has enabled researchers to conduct survey experiments with nationally representative samples, free of cost. Currently housed at IPR and co-led by IPR political scientist James Druckman, TESS is now working with a new online data collection platform, the AmeriSpeak® Panel from NORC at the University of Chicago. MORE

Faculty Awards & Honors

IPR associates Bernard Black, professor of law and finance, and Carol Lee, professor of human development and social policy, were inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences on October 8.

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Faculty in the Media


5 reasons schools should measure chronic absence

Citing a Hamilton Project report, IPR economist Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach says measuring and solving chronic absenteeism could be key to improving student success.

The New York Times

Why Republicans don't even try to win cities anymore

Looking at the growing rural-urban divide, political scientist Thomas Ogorzalek, an IPR associate, says Republicans can be competitive in cities without winning them.

Education Week

Disadvantaged students outnumbered at top public boarding schools

IPR social psychologist Mesmin Destin finds that coming from a disadvantaged background shapes students' identity and achievement.

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