Leslie McCall

Associate Professor of Sociology


Leslie McCall's areas of interest include social inequality, economic and political sociology, social theory, and methods. Her work on class inequality among women in the United States, and more generally, on how racial, educational, and gender inequality variously overlap and conflict with one other, has been published in a wide range of journals as well as in her book, Complex Inequality: Gender, Class, and Race in the New Economy (Routledge, 2001), which was the first runner-up for the C. Wright Mills Book Award, given by the Society for the Study of Social Problems.

In her forthcoming book, titled The Undeserving Rich: American Beliefs About Inequality, Opportunity, and Redistribution, McCall examines American attitudes about income inequality, economic opportunity, and redistribution in the era of rising inequality. Her current research also includes ongoing studies of rising economic inequality among women and families, declining gender inequality, and the impact of corporate restructuring (e.g., downsizing, subcontracting) on rising earnings inequality. McCall also maintains an interest in feminist social theory and methodology, in particular the conceptualization and empirical analysis of intersectionality from a social science perspective.

Her work has been supported by the National Science Foundation, Russell Sage Foundation, Demos: A Network of Ideas and Action, and the Center for the Study of Democratic Politics at Princeton University.

Current Research

The Politics of the New Inequality. Despite considerable interest in the issue of rising inequality among scholars and advocates, most observers assume that the issue holds little interest among the general public or the media, or has had no impact on preferences for policies that reduce inequality. Are these perceptions accurate? In this project, she examines questions from a wide range of surveys to determine the extent of awareness of both income inequality and economic opportunity; whether such awareness, if it exists, translates into a particular set of policy preferences; and whether attitudes towards inequality and policy preferences vary across countries, with Lane Kenworthy of the University of Arizona. She also examines media coverage of the issue and its role in shaping attitudes towards inequality. The introduction from her forthcoming book, The Undeserving Rich: American Beliefs About Inequality, Opportunity, and Redistribution (Cambridge University Press), along with related papers and articles, can be found here. Chapters are available by request.

Class and Gender. Although levels of and increases in earnings inequality are comparable among women and men, much less attention is being paid to inequality among women than to inequality among men or inequality between men and women. In this project, growing earnings inequality among women serves as the primary motivation for examining overlapping and conflicting shifts in class inequality, gender inequality, and family demography over the past several decades. Research from this project appears in several of the chapters in the recently edited volumes listed below. Her latest project in this area focuses on changes in family demography and develops new linked measures of economic dependency and gender inequality (see "New population measures of economic dependency...").    

Corporate Restructuring and Rising Inequality. Many suspect that corporate restructuring has led to rising earnings inequality. Yet it is very difficult to measure this effect empirically because of the lack of large-scale data on both organizations and earnings within those organizations. This project explores several different ways to address this issue. McCall is currently examining the impact of two familiar aspects of corporate restructuring on levels and changes in earnings inequality: downsizing (i.e., establishment size and establishment size changes) and domestic subcontracting and outsourcing (i.e., temp work, producer services, etc.). This analysis focuses on changes in urban U.S. labor markets from 1970 to 2000. Papers on this topic are available here.

Selected Publications

(View recent research papers.)


McCall, L. The Undeserving Rich: American Beliefs About Inequality, Opportunity, and Redistribution. Cambridge University Press (2013).

McCall, L. Complex Inequality: Gender, Class, and Race in the New Economy. Routledge (2001).

Articles and Chapters

McCall, L. and J. Manza. 2011. Class differences in social and political attitudes. In The Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media, ed. L. Jacobs and R. Shapiro. Oxford University Press.

McCall, L., and C. Percheski. 2010. Income Inequality: New Trends and Research Directions. Annual Review of Sociology 36:329-47.

McCall, L., and L. Kenworthy. 2009. Americans' social policy preferences in the era of rising inequality. Perspectives on Politics 7(3): 459-84.

McCall, L., and L. Kenworthy. 2008. Inequality, public opinion, and redistribution. Socio-Economic Review 6(1): 35-68.
Winner of the journal's 2008 Best Article Award.

McCall, L. 2008. What does class inequality among women look like? A comparison with men and families. In Social Class: How Does It Work? ed. A. Lareau and D. Conley, 193-323. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

McCall, L. 2007. Increasing class disparities among women and the politics of gender equity. In The Sex of Class, ed. D. S. Cobble, 15-34. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

McCall, L. 2005. The complexity of intersectionality. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 30(3): 1771-800.

McCall, L. 2005. Gender, race, and the restructuring of work: Organizational and institutional perspectives. In The Oxford Handbook of Work and Organization, ed. P. Tolbert, R. Batt, S. Ackroyd, and P. Thompson, 74-94. New York: Oxford University Press.

McCall, L. 2001. Sources of racial wage inequality in metropolitan labor markets: Racial, ethnic, and gender differences. American Sociological Review 66(4): 520-42.

McCall, L. 2001. Explaining levels of within-group wage inequality in U.S. labor markets. Demography 37(4): 415-30.

McCall, L. 2000. Gender and the new inequality: Explaining the college/non-college wage gap in U.S. labor markets. American Sociological Review 65(2): 234-55.

McCall, L. 1998. Spatial routes to gender wage (in)equality: Regional restructuring and wage differentials by gender and education Economic Geography 74(4): 379-404.

Reports and Short Articles

McCall, L. 2004. What do Americans think about inequality? An analysis of polls and media coverage of income inequality. Demos working paper.

McCall, L. 2004. The inequality economy: How new corporate practices redistribute income to the top.

Demos working paper.