View in Browser/Mobile December 2013

IPR enews

BAM program
During a visit to Chicago’s Hyde Park Career Academy, President Barack Obama participates in a roundtable with students in the B.A.M. program, which is being studied by IPR faculty.

Win-Win Partnerships to Improve Education

School districts today operate in a rapidly changing environment of rising expectations and are constantly implementing new programs and policies to improve student achievement. Yet they often lack information about what is effective. That is why many of IPR’s education experts are currently working in partnership with several districts, including the Chicago Public Schools, to conduct high-quality, randomized experiments and evaluations of school policies and programs. MORE

Faculty Awards & Honors 
Alice Eagly
The International Leadership Association selected IPR psychologist Alice Eagly as a recipient of its 2013 Leadership Legacy Life Achievement Award.

Jeremy Freese
Northwestern's Board of Trustees nominated IPR sociologist Jeremy Freese to the Ethel and John Lindgren Professorship.

MORE faculty awards & honors.

Faculty in the Media
The New York Times
Why inequality matters
Research led by political scientist and IPR associate Benjamin Page examining the political preferences of America's wealthiest 1 percent was referred to by New York Times columnist Paul Krugman.

The Seattle Times
Many health-exchange plans exclude top hospitals from coverage
In an article discussing the narrowing of provider networks, healthcare economist and IPR associate David Dranove explains that well-informed consumers are a necessary component of the Affordable Care Act’s success.

The New York Times
More college adjuncts see strength in union numbers
IPR Director and economist David Figlio noted that a recent study of tenure-track status and teaching that he co-authored provided evidence that full-time teaching status, not tenure, is what matters for students.

Find these and other clips HERE.
News & Research
Faculty Spotlight: Sandra Waxman
As a cognitive psychologist and director of Northwestern University's Project on Child Development, IPR’s newest fellow Sandra Waxman seeks to unravel how language and cognition come together in the minds of very young children from different cultures and linguistic backgrounds, shaping their understanding of the world. MORE
Sandra Waxman

Social Security: Public Opinion, Guerilla Tactics, and a Policymaking Dilemma
In studying the evolution of public opinion and elite opinions about the Social Security program, IPR social policy professor Fay Lomax Cook and her co-author depict the “breakdown” in political consensus over the program starting in the early ‘90s and describe how a “guerilla” strategy of political rhetoric and issue counterframing have tried to chip away at the wall of public support for the program. MORE

The Politicization of Science
In some of the first empirical research on the topic, IPR associate director and political scientist James Druckman and his colleagues demonstrate that the politicization of science negatively affects support for emerging technology and scientific innovations, even when supportive statements and accepted scientific evidence of its benefits are presented later. MORE

IPR Economist Offers Ideas to Improve Food Assistance
In a report presented at a
recent briefing on “Supporting America’s Lower-Middle-Class Families,” IPR economist Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach proposed five policy reforms to improve the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, which her research has shown to yield positive short- and long-terms benefits by reducing poverty and boosting health outcomes. The December 4 event received press coverage in several news outlets and was sponsored by the Hamilton Project. MORE

New IPR Working Papers

Find all IPR working papers HERE.

“Socioeconomic Segregation in Large Cities in France and in the United States” (WP-13-24)
Lincoln Quillian and Hugues Lagrange

This working paper calculates measures of the level of socioeconomic segregation in large metropolitan areas (cities and their surrounding suburbs) in the United States and France. The authors define “large” metropolitan areas as city-suburb combinations with a population of greater than one million. They use tract data from the American Community Survey (2006-2010) and data from the French Census of 2008 and the French Ministry of Finance. The results reveal a significantly higher level of socioeconomic segregation in large American cities than in French cities. American cities are more segregated than French cities on all three measures considered here: income, employment, and education. This finding holds with measures that account for different distributions of income, unemployment, and education across the two countries. The researchers also find (1) a strong pattern of low-income neighborhoods in central cities, and high-income neighborhoods in suburbs in the United States, but not in France; (2) that high-income persons are the most segregated group in both countries; and (3) that the shares of neighborhood income differences that can be explained by neighborhood race-ethnic composition are similar in France and the United States, suggesting that racial segregation cannot account for much of the higher level of U.S. socioeconomic segregation.

Upcoming Events
1/6/14 - "Infants, Language, and Gateways to Learning" by Sandra Waxman (IPR/Psychology)
1/13/14 - "Unemployment Insurance and Consumer Credit" by Brian Melzer (Kellogg)
1/27/14 - "Measurement of Maternal Stress in Pregnancy" by Ann Borders (IPR/Feinberg)
1/29/14 - "College for What? Getting a Job, Social Relationships, and Civic Participation for a
                 Recent Cohort of Emerging Adults" by Richard Arum (NYU)

Find the complete calendar HERE.

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