Research: Two-Generation Programs

Two-generation programs, which provide workforce development and skills training to parents while their children are engaged in quality early-childhood education programs, are a promising investment and anti-poverty strategy gaining momentum across the country. Surprisingly, few early learning programs target parents for postsecondary education and training, despite the fact that increased parental education and family income are associated with better outcomes for children.

Below are links to related research papers and other materials.

Related Research


Goldrick-Rab, Sara, and Kia Sorensen. 2010. Unmarried parents in college. The Future of Children 20(2): 179–203.

White papers and policy briefs

Goldrick-Rab, Sara, Katharine Broton, and Christin Gates. 2013. Clearing the path to a brighter future: Addressing barriers to community college access and success (16 pages, Kresge Foundation Library). Association of Community College Trustees and Single Stop USA.