News


July


Riedl Named Director of Program of African Studies
Northwestern University has appointed IPR political scientist Rachel Beatty Riedl as director of the long-running Program of African Studies (PAS), the first of its kind in the United States. 

Turning Their Backs on Compromise
Research by IPR political scientist Laurel Harbridge-Yong explains why some politicians still resist compromise, even when presented beneficial solutions.

New University-Community Partnership Focuses On Refugee Resettlement
The Community Partnerships for Settlement Strategies (COMPASS) is designed to promote social and economic wellbeing of refugees in the Evanston area through a microloan program. The partnership is led by the Center for Forced Migration Studies, directed by political scientist and IPR associate Galya Ben-Arieh.

May


The Future of Work
With the rise of artificial intelligence, machine learning, robots, and other technologies, how will workplaces and workers adapt? Former IPR director Fay Lomax Cook returned to discuss the National Science Foundation's "Big Ideas" to spark innovation in science and engineering research.

Faculty Spotlight: Ofer Malamud
A global outlook on decision making comes naturally to IPR economist Ofer Malamud. Born in Israel, his family moved to Japan when he was 6 years old, and then three years later to Hong Kong, where he attended a British secondary school. 

From Online Town Halls to One-on-One Discussions
Scholars and graduate students from the Midwest and beyond gathered for the 12th annual Chicago Area Political and Social Behavior Workshop. It featured presentations on representative democracy, identity, immigration, and youth engagement by four prominent and rising political scientists. 

Do Politicians Understand Public Opinion?
In the ongoing National Candidate Study, data scientist Christopher Skovron, an IPR postdoctoral fellow, and his collaborators are seeking to understand what politicians believe about public opinion.

Infographic: Communication Between Healthcare Providers and LGBTQ Youth
LGBTQ youth report that their healthcare providers often don't ask about their sexuality. In a new study, professor of medical social sciences and IPR associate Brian Mustanksi finds that less than 29 percent of adolescent males who have sex with males feel comfortable discussing sexual orientation with their doctors.

More Students Report Carrying Guns in Chicago than New York or Los Angeles
More students report carrying guns in Chicago than in New York or Los Angeles, a new Northwestern Medicine study by Joseph Feinglass shows. The findings provide historical background for Chicago’s 2016 spike in gun violence, which occurred mostly among youth and young adults.

Christopher Kuzawa Elected to National Academy of Sciences
Christopher Kuzawa
, an IPR anthropologist, was given one of the highest honors for a scientist in the United States.

Research Demonstrates Effects of Inequality on Health
The latest issue of RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences, edited by IPR biological anthropologist Thomas McDade and University of North Carolina sociologist Kathleen Mullan

April


Decision Making in a 'Broken Political System'
As an economic advisor to President Bill Clinton and a secretary of the U.S. Treasury in the 1990s, Robert Rubin faced many tough decisions, from the economic maelstrom of the Mexican peso crisis to passing government budgets and debating tax cuts—many of which bear striking parallels to current headlines.

Faculty Spotlight: Sera Young
Whether attending an international high school in Wales or learning Swahili while living with a Zanzibari family, IPR anthropologist Sera Young has found immersing herself in different cultures is the way to think differently. She now focuses on maternal and child health issues, closely examining the causes and consequences of food and water insecurity.

The Legacy of Hardship
Can poverty affect health across generations? In Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, IPR health psychologist Greg Miller and his colleagues find that a mother’s economic hardship during childhood can lead to negative birth outcomes for her children. 

Simone Ispa-Landa Named William T. Grant Scholar
IPR education sociologist Simone Ispa-Landa has been named a 2018 William T. Grant Scholar, one of six early career researchers to receive the honor this year. She will investigate how different disciplinary approaches in schools shape the experiences of students of different races.

Racial Bias in Medicine
A new study published in Social Science & Medicine finds that American clinicians rated white patients as significantly more likely to improve and more likely to adhere to recommended treatments than black patients, and to be more personally responsible for their health than black patients. 

Building the Prison State
The United States has the highest incarceration rate of any industrialized nation, with about 1 in 100 American adults currently behind bars, the majority of whom are racial minorities. How did we get here, and what can we do about it? In her new book, Building the Prison State: Race and the Politics of Mass Incarceration (University of Chicago Press, 2018), IPR sociologist and legal scholar Heather Schoenfeld addresses this question.

Overcoming Barriers to Safety Net Sign-Ups
Why do people fail to sign up for social safety net programs like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), despite being eligible? IPR economist Matthew Notowidigdo and his MIT colleague Amy Finkelstein are seeking to understand this issue by examining how to improve outreach methods to low-income households not participating in social safety net programs.

More Students Report Carrying Guns in Chicago than New York or Los Angeles
According to a new study by IPR associate Joe Feinglass, 9 percent of high school freshmen and sophomores in Chicago reported carrying a gun, compared with 6 percent in Los Angeles and 4 percent in New York.

March


Crime in Chicago: What Does the Research Tell Us?
Chicago has a national reputation for violence. Even though shooting deaths dropped in the city last year, 664 people still died from gun violence. At a recent policy research briefing, IPR experts presented their findings on the causes, consequences, and possible solutions to Chicago's enduring violence problem.

Putting a “Premium on Civil Discourse”
For Strobe Talbott, a former journalist and State Department official who led one of the U.S.’ premier think tanks until last year, the lack of trust in expertise is “challenge number one, two, and three” for academics hoping their work can influence policymakers. Talbott joined IPR and the Buffett Institute for a special lecture about academia's role in policymaking.

The Political Weaponization of Gun Owners
IPR graduate research assistant Matthew Lacombe reveals how the NRA creates identity for its members, politically mobilizing them.

Two Cheers for the Truth?
According to IPR political scientist John Bullock, insincere answers are part of the wedge driving political partisans further apart. People may know that what they are saying is false, but if the claim seems to support their political party—or criticize the other party—they may say it anyway.

A Climate of Change
A global response to climate change is needed, according to law professor and IPR associate David Dana. Part of his research addresses how framing climate change in different ways affects perceptions of the problem, support for regulatory initiatives, and policy choices made by legislators and regulators.

How Turf Wars Lead to Violence in Chicago
Chicago’s Little Village ranks among the top 10 most violent neighborhoods in the city, with much of the violence concentrated on the neighborhood’s east side. As sociologist and former IPR graduate research assistant Robert Vargas (PhD WCAS 12) explains, these violent hot spots are due to a lack of resources and territorial disputes.

February


Examining Discrimination to Understand its Impacts
The #metoo, Black Lives Matter, and LGBTQIA movements have raised awareness about the stubborn persistence of various kinds of discrimination that people from all walks of life, racial and ethnic backgrounds, genders, and sexual orientations face every day. IPR researchers are providing multidisciplinary insights to help address these issues.

Faculty Spotlight: Cynthia Kinnan
As a college student gathering background materials for her debate team on development assistance in Africa, IPR economist Cynthia Kinnan found fraught claims about what did and did not work. That realization led her to the study of development economics, and ever since, she has sought to bring scientific tools to the conversation around poverty in the developing world. 

Chronic Lack of Sleep Tied to Racial/Ethnic Differences for Disease Risk
Northwestern sleep researcher and IPR associate Kristen Knutson finds that chronic lack of sleep is tied to racial/ethnic differences in obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure.

Democracy in America
In their new book, Democracy in America? What Has Gone Wrong and What We Can Do About It (University of Chicago Press, 2017), political scientist and IPR associate Benjamin Page and Martin Gilens of Princeton University present an indictment of today’s politics, pointing specifically to how the American public has little say in policy decisions.

Infants Can Learn Abstract Rules
Three-month-old babies cannot sit up or roll over, yet they are already capable of learning patterns from simply looking at the world around them, according to a recent study from IPR developmental psychologist Sandra Waxman and her colleagues.

Study: Visualizing Success Can Ease Student Anxiety
Visualizing a successful future can help anxious college students manage challenges and stress, according to a Northwestern University-led study published in the journal Motivation and Emotion authored by IPR social psychologist Mesmin Destin.

Romantic Relationships Show Protective Effect for Gay, Lesbian Youth
Lesbian and gay youth showed significantly less psychological distress and were buffered against the negative effects of bullying and victimization when they were in a relationship than when they were not, IPR associate Brian Mustanski finds.

January


IPR's Top Articles Reflect Policy Debates
2017 saw a new administration settle into office, with policy debates spilling over from Capitol Hill and the White House into state legislatures, courts, town halls, and the streets. Many of IPR’s top-read articles from 2017 reflect such wider policy concerns—from research on boycotts to partisan polarization to the benefits of safety-net programs.

Faculty Spotlight: Mary Pattillo
Chicago is IPR associate Mary Pattillo’s home and also her research subject. A sociologist and African American studies researcher, Pattillo has delved into "race in the city" in Chicago and beyond throughout her career.

Northwestern Honors IPR Health Psychologists
Internationally renowned IPR health psychologists Edith Chen and Greg Miller, partners in both research and life, traced the influences on their respective and overlapping career paths at the investiture ceremony for their endowed chairs on November 28 at Northwestern University.

The 51 Percent
The U.S. economy will only reach its full potential if women are able to fully participate in the labor market, according to a new book co-edited by economist and IPR Director Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. In The 51 Percent: Driving Growth Through Women’s Economic Participation (Hamilton Project, 2017), researchers propose evidence-based public policy reforms aimed at addressing the structural problems in the economy that are holding women back.

Infographic: Racial Diversity Among Coaches Drives Diversity of Beliefs
Since NFL player Colin Kaepernick first kneeled during the national anthem during the 2016 season, political protests have become a major topic of discussion in sports. A new study by Northwestern University researchers examines beliefs about athlete protests within one institution, the NCAA, finding that coaches’ race can affect their views.

In Memoriam: Cynthia (CC) DuBois, 1985–2018
Cynthia (CC) DuBois (SESP PhD ’17), an emerging, award-winning scholar and former IPR graduate research assistant, died as a result of brain cancer on Jan. 2 in Chicago. She was 32.

Food or Water?
While in Kenya studying food insecurity during the first 1,000 days of life, IPR anthropologist Sera Young stumbled upon an equally severe problem facing new mothers and their children: access to water. Young is now working to create a cross-culturally validated household-level water insecurity scale.

Promoting Unhealthy Foods to Kids Online
Food companies are marketing less to children online—which advocates consider a win in the fight against the epidemic of childhood obesity. Some of these same companies, however, have increased their online advertising budgets targeting at children by 50 percent—and are embedding “advergames” on their websites. These online games commonly feature advertisements promoting unhealthy foods, according to a study by communication studies researcher and IPR associate Ellen Wartella

 

For 2017 news, visit: www.ipr.northwestern.edu/about/news/2017/html.