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IPR enews

Gabel
State Representative Robyn Gabel asks a question during IPR's first "hometown" policy research briefing on two-generation initiatives at Evanston Township High School.

Two-Generation Initiatives Seek to Create Opportunities

At its first policy research briefing held at Evanston Township High School on April 16, IPR Director and Fellow David Figlio welcomed nearly 130 parents, students, faculty, and community members, including Evanston’s mayor and a state lawmaker. They came to hear IPR experts Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Mesmin Destin, and Teresa Eckrich Sommer, along with Sara Goldrick-Rab of the University of Wisconsin–Madison, broach a topic of great concern to Evanston and communities across the nation: how to provide greater opportunities for low-income families by furthering education for parents and their children. MORE

D.C. Event: "College Access and Success" on May 6

Students
IPR will hold a May 6 policy research briefing, "College Access and Success," on Capitol Hill. It will be hosted in collaboration with Illinois Representatives Mike Quigley and Aaron Schock. The panelists will examine research on how to help low-income and low-achieving students get to, and through, college. The three experts are IPR's James Rosenbaum, U.Va.'s Sarah Turner, and Harvard's Bridget Terry Long. The event is free, with registration required by May 1. MORE

Faculty Awards & Honors 
IPR Director and education economist David Figlio was voted president-elect of the Association for Education Finance and Policy at its annual conference in March.

IPR health psychologist Greg Miller was elected president of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research for 2015–16.

MORE faculty awards & honors.

Faculty in the Media
The Telegraph
Breast-feeding may cut risk of heart disease
IPR anthropologist Thomas McDade discusses a new study showing that lower birth weights and shorter breast-feeding durations indicate an increased risk for heart and metabolic diseases later in life.

Slate
Could America become Mississippi?
Through a series of experiments, IPR social psychologist Jennifer Richeson and IPR graduate RA Maureen Craig show that fear of a coming demographic shift to a "majority-minority" nation increases whites' endorsement of politically conservative policies and ideology.

U.S. News and World Report
Oligarchy nation
The publication cites a study co-authored by IPR associate and political scientist Benjamin Page, suggesting the wealthiest, most powerful U.S. elites "move national policy, while average Americans are effectively powerless."

The Guardian
Chicago's deadly gang war is still raging
In an article on gang violence in Chicago, IPR political scientist Wesley G. Skogan explains that while overall homicide totals have been declining since the 1990s, gang-related murders have been consistently higher.

Find these and other clips HERE.
News & Research
Anthony Chen
Faculty Spotlight: Anthony Chen
The latest Supreme Court ruling on affirmative action has brought IPR sociologist Anthony Chen's research into focus. Chen studies the historical origins of affirmative action policies and programs, with the hope that his research can interject “more clarity and sober-mindedness” into public discourse. He is currently working on a book about the origins of affirmative action in college admissions that has revealed some surprising findings. MORE

New Tool to Help Diagnose Mental Health Issues in Kids
IPR clinical and developmental psychologist Lauren Wakschlag received a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to build on earlier findings from the MAPS Preschool Study, a multidimensional assessment seeking to understand and map the development of behaviors and emotions for preschool-age children. The project's next phase will look at children from the previous study as they near age 10. It will link data from their preschool days to behavioral patterns as they near adolescence in order to distinguish serious, ongoing clinical problems. MORE

Young Fathers Experience Increased Depression Risk
In a new study, IPR associate Craig Garfield and colleagues find depressive symptoms increased by 68 percent on average over the first five years of fatherhood for young men in the study. The participants were around 25 years old when they became fathers, and they lived with their children. MORE

Chicago Forum on Procedural Justice and Policing
IPR political scientist Wesley G. Skogan, an expert on crime and policing, hosted the Chicago Forum on Procedural Justice and Policing on March 2122. The event featured researchers and administrators from several countries and included a visit from Chicago Police Superintendent Garry McCarthy. MORE

New IPR Working Papers

Find all IPR working papers HERE.

“The Role of Immigrant Children in Their Parents' Assimilation in the U.S., 1850–2010” (WP-14-04)

Ilyana Kuziemko and Joseph Ferrie

The presence of children in immigrant households can influence the assimilation of their parents, through either human capital transfers from children to parents (parents learning from their children) or the assistance children can provide in navigating economic life in the destination country (parents leaning on their children). Kuziemko of Columbia Business School and IPR associate and economist Ferrie examine the relationship between the presence of children in U.S. immigrant households and the human capital acquisition of their immigrant parents from 1850–2010. They first show that immigrants who arrived in the Great Migration of the late 19th and early 20th centuries were substantially less likely to arrive with children than more recent immigrants. They then show that assimilation appears slower for more recent cohorts than for those that arrived during the Great Migration—though in both eras, cohort quality declines over time. Finally, the authors show that the immigrant children of the earlier immigrants were associated with more assimilation (less “leaning” and more “learning”) than the children of more recent immigrants.

“Reducing Moral Hazard in Employment Relationships: Experimental Evidence on Managerial Control and Performance Pay?” (WP-14-06)

Kirabo Jackson, Henry Schneider

Moral hazard is endemic to employment relationships and firms often use performance pay and managerial control to address this problem. While performance pay has received much empirical attention, managerial control has not. IPR economist Jackson and Cornell's Schneider analyze data from a managerial-control field experiment in which an auto-repair firm provided detailed checklists to mechanics and monitored their use. Revenue was 20 percent higher under the experiment. They compare this effect with that of quasi-experimental increases in mechanic commission rates. The managerial-control effect is equivalent to that of a 10 percent commission increase. They find evidence of complementarities between the two, suggesting benefits from an all-of-the-above approach. They also find evidence of incentive gaming under performance pay.

Upcoming Events
5/5/14 - "Resources Gained, Resources Lost: Making Ends Meet While Living with HIV/AIDS" by Celeste Watkins-Hayes (IPR/African American Studies/Sociology)
5/6/14 - "College Access and Success: Research on How to Help Low-Income Students Enter, Thrive, and Succeed in College" with James Rosenbaum (IPR/SESP), Sarah Turner (U. Virginia), and Bridget Terry Long (Harvard)
5/7/14 - "The Performance of Foundation-Owned Companies" by Henry Hansmann (Yale)
5/12/14 - "TBA" by Craig Garthwaite (Kellogg)
5/19/14 - "Multilevel Interventions to Address Healthcare Disparities" by David Baker (Feinberg/IPR)

Find the complete calendar HERE.

Comments? Questions? Suggestions?
Please e-mail ipr@northwestern.edu.

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