View in Browser/Mobile February 2014

IPR enews

Foreclosure sign
Foreclosure signs around the nation continue to illustrate the lingering effects of the Great Recession.

The Great Recession: Over but Not Gone

Though the Great Recession officially ended more than four years ago, how has the biggest U.S. downturn since the Great Depression affected—and continued to affect—Americans' lives? Several IPR faculty are mining data from this period (roughly December 2007 to June 2009) in a variety of areas, including food insecurity, unemployment, housing, and income inequality. They are detailing its short- and longer-term effects, with an eye towards policy prescriptions. MORE

Faculty Awards & Honors 
Seth Stein
IPR associate and earth/planetary scientist Seth Stein received the 2014 Price Medal from the U.K.'s Royal Astronomical Society for his groundbreaking achievements in plate tectonics, seismology, and space geodesy. MORE

Faculty in the Media
The New York Times
Can heavier people really be healthier?
Preventive medicine researcher and IPR associate Mercedes Carnethon discusses her recent study's evidence for the "obesity paradox" in diabetic patients.

NBC News
'Mom did it, we can do it': Two- generation programs help lift families out of poverty
IPR developmental psychologist Lindsay Chase-Lansdale explains that when parents continue their education, “the home environment becomes richer, it’s more cognitively stimulating, and it helps children learn."

U.S. News & World Report
5 encouraging signs for women who want to be bosses
IPR social psychologist Alice Eagly's research shows that women leaders often have a more progressive, modern way of leading that tends to be more collaborative and engaging.

WBEZ
8,000 Chicago cops now a little friendlier
Chicago Public Radio highlighted IPR political scientist Wesley G. Skogan’s research measuring the impact of a police training program to improve the ways that officers engage with citizens.

Find these and other clips HERE.
News & Research
Faculty Spotlight: Christopher Kuzawa
“You are what you eat,” the old adage goes. But IPR biological anthropologist Christopher Kuzawa shows that it is not just about what you eat, but what your mother ate, and what your mother’s mother ate, that more completely defines your weight at birth, your development as a child, and your health as an adult. MORE
Chris Kuzawa

Can Upward Mobility Cost You Your Health?
In a New York Times opinion piece, IPR clinical psychologists Greg Miller, Edith Chen, and their co-author discuss how pursuit of the American Dream can come at the cost of good health for low-income Americans who manage to climb the ladder to success. MORE Miller and Chen

More Segregation in New York Than Paris
IPR sociologist Lincoln Quillian and Hugues Lagrange of Sciences Po find that socioeconomic segregation in large U.S. cities is much higher than in large French ones. The researchers also reveal that half or more of the difference between the two could be due to greater levels of U.S. income inequality. MORE

Tutoring on "Steroids" Reduces Achievement Gap
High school students at risk for dropping out greatly improved their math scores and school attendance with the help of intensive tutoring and mentoring, according to a
randomized study. It was conducted by the Urban Education Lab at the University of Chicago and co-authored by IPR economist Jonathan Guryan. MORE

Two Generations, One Future
On April 16, I
PR will hold a policy research briefing to examine evidence supporting two-generation programs. These provide workforce development training to parents while their children are engaged in quality education programs. Panelists are Northwestern/IPR researchers Lindsay Chase-Lansdale, Teresa Eckrich Sommer, and Mesmin Destin, with Sara Goldrick-Rab of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. MORE

New IPR Working Papers

Find all IPR working papers HERE.

“The Impacts of Expanding Access to High-Quality Preschool Education” (WP-14-01)
Elizabeth Cascio and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach

Cascio and Schanzenbach examine the effects of the introduction of universal preschool programs in Georgia and Oklahoma in the 1990s, comparing the children and families in those states with children and families elsewhere in the country. They find stark differences in preschool enrollment patterns by family background, with children whose mothers have no more than a high school diploma being much more likely to enroll in preschool at age 4—experiencing an 18–20 percentage-point enrollment gain versus a 12–15 percentage-point gain in preschool enrollment rates for children whose mothers have more education. The authors also find some academic benefits, with modest, sustained increases in 8th grade math test scores for the lower-income children. Conversely, among higher-income children, they find no positive impacts of the program on student achievement. The authors suggest it might be more cost-effective to design a preschool program to target those most in need to reduce the extent of crowd-out.

Upcoming Events
1/29/14 - "College for What? Getting a Job, Social Relationships, and Civic Participation for a
                 Recent Cohort of Emerging Adults" by Richard Arum (New York University)
2/3/14 - "Economic Conditions and Pregnancy Rates in the United States During the Great Recession"
               by Christine Percheski (IPR/Sociology)
2/10/14 - "With Friends Like These...Social Influence on Health, Politics, and Careers in a Whole-
                 Network Panel" by Michael Neblo (Ohio State University)
2/12/14 - "Can You Correct a Propensity Score Analysis for Covariate Measurement Error?" by J.R.
                 Lockwood
(Educational Testing Service)
2/17/14 - "Does School Capital Spending Improve Student Achievement?" by Isaac McFarlin (University
                 of Michigan)
2/24/14 - "State Capacity and the Problem of Decarceration: An Examination of Law Enforcement in the
                 Civil Rights Era" by Heather Schoenfeld (IPR/SESP)

Find the complete calendar HERE.

Comments? Questions? Suggestions?
Please e-mail ipr@northwestern.edu.

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