July 20, 2011
The Institute for Policy Research (IPR) is an interdisciplinary public policy research institute founded in 1968-69 at Northwestern University. Our mission is to stimulate and support excellent social science research on significant public policy issues and to disseminate the findings widely—to students, scholars, policymakers, and the public. www.northwestern.edu/ipr
>> News and Research
> Do Women Have What It Takes?
A new study shows that even though culturally masculine stereotypes of leadership have been weakening over the years, they still pose barriers to women’s advancement. The meta-analysis, or a compilation of studies on the same research topic, was co-authored by IPR social psychologist Alice Eagly.
> Positive Teens Become Healthier Adults
Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) on more than 10,000 adolescents, a team of researchers finds that adolescents with a sunny outlook on life might have a reduced risk for problem behaviors, such as smoking and drug use, and better perceived health as adults. The study was conducted by Lindsay Till Hoyt, with Emma Adam, Lindsay-Chase Lansdale, and Thomas McDade, who are part of IPR’s Cells to Society (C2S): The Center on Social Disparities and Health.
> After-School Program for Teens Could Reduce Problem Behavior
The first randomized study of an after-school program since the 1980s suggests that well-implemented, apprenticeship-style programs help reduce the involvement of high-school-aged youth in drugs and gangs. The three-year evaluation of Chicago's After School Matters was led by education and social policy professor and IPR associate Barton Hirsch with colleagues, including IPR statistician and education researcher Larry Hedges.
> Clues to Why ‘They’ All Look Alike
Northwestern University researchers, including neuroscientist and IPR associate Joan Chiao, have provided new biological evidence suggesting that the brain works differently when memorizing the face of a person from one’s own race than when memorizing a face from another race.
>> New Books
> “Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science”
Described as a “monumental undertaking,” “The Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science,” co-edited by IPR political scientist James Druckman, is the first volume to provide a comprehensive overview of how experimental research is transforming the field of political science. http://www.cambridge.org/aus/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=9780521174558
> “Reputation Rules: Strategies for Building Your Company’s Most Valuable Asset”
In "Reputation Rules," Daniel Diermeier, professor of managerial economics and decision sciences and an IPR associate, uses real-life scenarios from Mercedes, BP, Toyota, and others to illustrate how reputation-management tools can be used to establish a culture that enables organizations to face corporate mishaps.
>> Faculty Awards and Honors
IPR social psychologist Alice Eagly received the Berlin Prize from the American Academy and the Raymond A. Katzell Award in Industrial-Organizational Psychology. IPR political scientist Wesley G. Skogan gave the Adam Sutton Memorial Address at Australia's Monash University on July 20. Communications, media, and technology researcher Pablo Boczkowski, an IPR associate, received an American Sociological Association book award from the Communication and Information Technologies Section for "News at Work." IPR associate Jennifer Light, associate professor of communication studies, has been invited to join the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, N.J., for 2011–12.
For these and other faculty awards and honors, please visit
>> Faculty in the Media
IPR political scientist Laurel Harbridge assesses current options and potential routes for reaching a bipartisan agreement on the debt limit on Chicago Public Radio’s Eight Forty-Eight. Discover reports on research by IPR sociologist Jeremy Freese and his colleagues, showing that the Democratic Party has, more than ever before, become the party of choice for Americans with advanced degrees. National Public Radio, Chicago Sun-Times, Businessweek, and others covered a study co-authored by communications researcher and IPR associate Ellen Wartella, revealing that minority youth aged 8 to 18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content per day, about 4 hours more than white youth. The Chronicle of Higher Education finds support for research by IPR fellow James Rosenbaum on how "public community colleges should imitate certain practices of their for-profit peers” in a recent U.S. Department of Education report. The Economist writes about a new study by political scientist and IPR associate Benjamin Page that seeks to understand the policy preferences of America's wealthiest citizens. In the Chicago Tribune, IPR management and strategy professor Therese McGuire notes that a recent hike to Illinois’ corporate income tax rate is not likely to cause multistate, multinational corporations to leave the state.
For these and other media clips, go to http://www.ipr.northwestern.edu/media/media.html.
>> Upcoming Events
> IES Quasi-Experimental Workshops
IPR social psychologist Thomas D. Cook will lead two weeklong workshops in August at Northwestern University on the design and analysis of practical quasi-experiments in education with William Shadish of the University of California, Merced. The workshops receive funding from the National Center for Educational Research in the Institute of Education Sciences.
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